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Kick-off Meeting 2005 - Minutes

MINUTES of Meeting

Agenda SN 2001-403-0142

9 September 2005






Kick-off Meeting

31st August and 1st September 2005

GEUS, Copenhagen


See Annex 1


Participants + website

Minutes by:




Opening of the Meeting


Presentation of participants


Information from the BALANCE Secretariat (PC and PM)


Presentation of WP 1-5


Food for thoughts


WP seminars


Presentation of the BALANCE web site


Reporting and payment procedures


Meeting summary and future meetings


Any other business




The meeting was opened by Mr. Jesper H. Andersen who welcomed the participants to the BALANCE kick-off Meeting in Copenhagen. It was emphasised that this meeting is strategically important and that it is essential that all partners have a common understanding of respective roles and duties.

The meeting was co-chaired by Mr. Johnny Reker and Mr. Jesper H. Andersen.

A revised agenda was presented and adopted. All participants were encouraged to be open and contribute and to contribute to a hopefully successful lapse of the BALANCE project in general and the meeting in particular.

The goals for the meeting were introduced:

  • Official start of BALANCE.
  • Presentation of partners and participants.
  • Presentation and discussion of WP activities and products.
  • Presentation of structure and principles for coordination and management of BALANCE, including BALANCE working rules.
  • Presentation of the BALANCE web page.
  • Presentation of INTERREG IIIB Maritime Safety Umbrella Operation (MSUO).


All participants gave a brief presentation of themselves. A List of Participants is enclosed as Annex 1.


The BALANCE project coordinator, Mr. Johnny Reker outlined the project with the intention of setting the scene for the kick-off meeting. It was pointed out that:

  • The project runs for 2½ year from 1/7 2005.
  • The project covers the entire Baltic Sea.
  • The budget is ?4,3 mio. + ?0,4 mio. in non-eligible funding.
  • The are 19 partners + 7 consultants
  • 10 countries incl. Norway & U.S.A (but excl. Russia) are involved.
  • BALANCE is the largest project funded by the BSR INTER­REG IIIB Programme.
  • All conditions have been met.

The PowerPoint presentation (KO2 PC Setting the scene) can be found at the BALANCE web site ( ).

The BALANCE project coordinator, Mr. Jesper Andersen presented the proposed set up for the daily operation and coordination of BALANCE. Four basis working rules were introduced (Do a good job – keep deadlines – have fun – keep your bos­ses happy). The Lead Partner principle was described and it was emphasised that the BALANCE Secretariat is responsible for communication with the BSR INTERREG Joint Secretariat. The reporting procedures per milestone and internal in-betwe­en progress reporting were briefly outlined. The PowerPoint presentation (KO3 PM Info) can be found at the BALANCE web site ( ).

The BALANCE communication principles and guidelines were presented by Mr. Johnny Reker. It was emphasised that the BALANCE web site will the backbone in the communication with­in the project together with e-mails. Its was also emphasised that external communication and stakeholder involvement is important – and that the EU flag and the BSR INTER­REG logo should be clearly visible whenever a BALANCE pro­duct is made available to the public. The PowerPoint presentation can be found at .

The Meeting briefly discussed the presentations by the project coordinator and project manager and endorsed the working rules and communication guidelines. The Meeting also took note of the message in relation to logos.

Mr. Johnny Reker introduced the INTERREG Maritime Safety Umbrella Operation (MSUO), which is an instrument aimed at improving trans-national cooperation and to create, maintain and implement a safer maritime environment. If the BALANCE partnership join the MSUO the benefits will include:

  • Easier to approach MSUO project partners for socio-economic data.
  • Cross-regional expenses will be made eligible.
  • Development of a provisional European system for habitat sensitivity mapping opened for tender for INTERREG IIIB project partners.
  • Seminars on habitat mapping, modelling, blue corridors.
  • Dissemination facilities (Gateway web site, Newsletters etc.)
  • Influence on the future Programme Period 2007-2013.
  • A key position for shaping a future partnership.

The Meeting discussed the advantages and costs og joining MSUO. The Meeting decided that each partner should consider the relevance of joining and inform the BALANCE Secretariat before 9th of September. The deadline has been extended to the 15th of September 2005.

When wrapping agenda item 3, is was emphasised that when we leave tomorrow:

  • We should all have a better understanding of the objectives, activities, planned results, roles and duties.
  • The WP leads are supposed to initiate the work within and between WPs.


WP4: Spatial planning and management

Mr. Jan Ekebom (Metsähallitus), responsible partner for WP4, introduced the partners involved in WP4 as well as the goals and objectives of WP4. The overall goal is development of guidelines for Baltic Sea marine management framework. The activities are:

  • Activity 1: To synthesise a framework on how to apply marine zoning in management of marine areas.
  • Activity 2 (detailed part of Act.1): To produce GIS based methods (protocols, mostly GIS based) for management of marine areas with emphasis on the development of indices that quantify management efficiency
  • Activity 3 (detailed part of Act. 1): To present a template and methods for stakeholder involvement

Mr. Thomas K. Sørensen (DIFRES) presented an example of marine zoning from the Great Barrier Reef in Australia with special focus on operating principles. Zoning is considered to be a key management tool and the development of a Baltic approach to marine zoning a primary goal of BALANCE. Zones separate conflicting uses and range from e.g.: i) General (= sustainable) use, ii) national park (‘no-take’), and iii) preservation (‘no-go’). Each zone type has a specific written objective.

Mr. Ole Vestergaard (DIFRES) presented the WP4 understanding of the BALANCE working process with special focus on (1) data requirement, (2) mapping requirements, (3) representativity analysis, and (4) guidelines for management planning. A sketch illustrating the linkages between these activities in a management context can be found in the PowerPoint presentation.

Mr. Jan Ekebom continued to present for evaluation of management effectiveness. At present, a lack of quantitative indications has been identified. Within BALANCE, there will be a special focus on:

  • Quantitative indicators for evaluation of how marine nature conservation goals have been achieved

- Use of focal species (position, cover, depth range)

  • Quantitative indicators for evaluation of how the socio-economic goals have been achieved and if there is indcation of negative impact of potential threats

- Gain to local communities from a managed marine area with a zoning plan

- Impact of urban sprawl and development (buildings, construction activities)

- Impact of ship & boat traffic

  • Quantitative indicators for evaluation of how the governance of marine area management is carried out

- Number of registered court cases in an area

- Degree of public participation

The focus will be on management of especially fisheries and marine nature conservation utilizing the strength of the BALANCE partnership.

Mr. Jochen Lamp (WWF Germany) presented the process in relation to stakeholder involvement. The activities will focus on:

  • Explore existing best practice in communication of values and creating awareness/commitment (best practice models and draft communication strategy).
  • Define stakeholder groups and communication tools adapted to the pilot areas and for the Baltic Region.
  • Develop GIS-based information material for public information, adapted to the target groups, explaining the approach of marine zoning based on habitat mapping, the use of socio-economic information through stakeholder involvement.
  • Find ways to integrate stakeholder knowledge into the evaluation and planning process (indicators, use patterns).
  • Integration of public/stakeholders in management processes can be formalized by standardized submission/feedback software and templates.
  • Different tools (questionnaire, interviews, media, key-spokespersons involvement) should be checked and adapted to different types of areas and conflicts/demands (coastal/offshore, tourism, multi-use areas).

The WP4 PowerPoint presentation can be found at the BALANCE web site ( )

WP3: Blue corridors and MPA networks

Mrs. Åsa Andersson (WWP Sweden), responsible partner of WP3, introduced the partners and strategic focus of WP3:

  1. Development and demonstration of the “blue corridor” concept
  2. Evaluation of representativity of landscapes & habitats in the Natura 2000 network and other MPA networks in the Baltic Sea.
  3. Evaluation of coherence between sites in the Natura 2000 network and other MPA networks in the Baltic Sea.

The planned results of WP3 include:

  1. Blue corridors
  • Development and demonstration/promotion of the “blue corridor” concept
  • Recommendations
  1. Representativity
  • Tools / methodology for evaluation and establishment of representative MPA networks
  • Evaluation of representativity of landscapes & habitats in the Natura 2000 network and other MPA networks in the Baltic Sea.
  • Gaps identified (landscapes, habitats & species not sufficiently covered)
  • Suggestions on how to improve representativity in existing MPA network
  1. Coherence
  • Tools / methodology for assessing ecological coherence
  • Evaluation of coherence between sites in Natura 2000 and other MPAs networks in the Baltic Sea.
  • Gaps identified (on landscapes and habitat level)
  • Suggestions on how to improve coherence in existing MPA networks

It was emphasised that recommendation, tools for representativity and tools for coherence are the most important products.

Mr. Per Nilsson (TMBL) presented the concept of “blue corridors” and explained the focus on connectivity between MPAs. The importance of taking into account experiences from international examples, terrestrial examples, NATURA 2000, technical aspects, and alternatives to MPAs was stressed.

Mrs. Åsa Andersson presented the planned work in relation to representativity and how the MARXAN software will be used. A workshop on the use of MARXAN will take place on the 15-16 September 2005.

Mrs. Anna-Leena Nöjd (FEI) introduced activities in relation to the planned work in relation to the concept of ecological coherence. The objectives of this work are:

  • To come up with a definition of ecological coherence
  • To develop a collection of tools for assessing ecological coherence in the Baltic Sea
  • To assess the ecological coherence of the current Baltic Sea MPA network

The linkages from WP3 to other WPs were discussed. It was emphasised that the developed tools should be used by WP4

The WP3 PowerPoint presentation can be found at the BALANCE web site ( )

WP2: Marine landscapes and habitats

Mr. Jørgen Leth (GEUS), responsible leader of WP2, introduced the WP2 partners and planned. The problems to be addressed are

  • An integrated BS management approach comes to a halt due to technical constraints (lack of data, trans-national habitat maps, inconsistent data formats etc.)
  • The production of habitat distribution maps for the whole Baltic Sea is hindered by the lack of information

The planned results of WP2 are:

  • An agreed approach to identification and mapping of Baltic Sea marine landscapes and habitats through development of maps.
  • For areas with little biological information habitat predictive models will be developed and validated.

MS 1 include the following activities:

  • Literature review on marine landscapes
  • Modelling of wave exposure and currents
  • Determination of criteria and data requirements for identifying marine landscapes (establishing template)
  • Determination of criteria and data requirements for habitat mapping by combining data
  • Evaluation of remote sensing as a mapping tool for marine habitats

MS 2 include the following activities:

  • Compilation of physical data in GIS-format in order to define the BS marine landscapes
  • Modelling of bottom salinity
  • Correlation of sediment maps with video and seabed samples (phase 1)
  • Development of draft habitat maps in case study areas by development of predictive models

MS 3 include the following activities:

  • Identification of habitats associated with marine landscapes based on pilot area data
  • Correlation of sediment maps with video and seabed samples (phase 2)
  • Predictive habitat models/spatial and temporal models/habitat maps for each pilot area with confidence ratings

MS 4 include the following activities:

  • Validation of identified habitats within the BS and their compatibility with the EUNIS classification
  • Final modelling of benthic habitats and ass. fish habitats
  • Presentation and evaluation of marine landscapes and ass. habitat by stakeholder involvement

MS 5 include the following activities:

  • Validation of the developed models
  • Testing the applicability of models and habitat maps against inventory data in and outside pilot areas
  • Confidence ratings of the accuracy of the habitat models
  • FINAL report on marine landscape and habitat distribution within the BS
  • Preparing guidelines for updating ML and Hab. maps

Mr. Claus Sparrevohn (DIFRES) briefly presented information on nursery habitats in the Kattegat. Focus will be on:

  • Identification of key fish nursery habitats.
  • Strengthening the linkage between physical and biological parameters.
  • Predictive model.
  • Support for the evaluation of the “blue corridors” concept.

Mr. Jørgen Hansen (NERI) briefly presented information on modelling of salinity and habitat modelling.

The Meeting discussed definition of landscapes and habitats, which system will be followed? EUNIS or NATURA 2000? Is light included? Scales, light regimes and other issues will be discussed tomorrow at the WP2 seminar.

The WP2 PowerPoint presentation can be found at the BALANCE web site ( )

WP1: Data management, intercalibration and collation

Mr. Greger Lindeberg (SGU), leader of WP1, introduced the WP1 partners and planned activities. The questions why?, how?, when?, and who? Where raised and answered:


  • A platform for communicating data and metadata, (www portal) between BALANCE partners and end users
  • Provide BALANCE with compatible and harmonised data according to agreed standards and formats
  • Develop protocols and standards
  • Data collection for habitat models
  • Data collection for habitat models


  • 12 partners, 7 nations
  • Workgroups for harmonisation of data; Biology, Geology, Oceanography, Socio/Economic
  • Workgroups on standards and protocols
  • SGU, Sweden will host the BALANCE portal
  • Data collection for the habitat models will be carried out in 4 pilot areas


  • MS1: Prototype GIS portal, Determination of required data (WP2-4), Data formats, Data inter-calibration, Identification of case study areas.
  • MS2: Publication of data through portal, Document on standards and protocols, Survey results, Data delivery -> Marine landscapes
  • MS3: Evaluation of GIS portal functionality, Marine landscape published through portal, Report on intercalibration and statistical processing of field data, Data delivery - > WP2 (Habitat maps and models).
  • MS4: BALANCE metadata available and downloadable, Updated standards and protocols document, Report on Marine landscapes, Draft report on WP1 activities.
  • MS5: Final report.


  • Coordinating partner: P16,Geological Survey of Sweden
  • Partners: 1,2,3,4,7,8,9,11,12,15,16,20
  • Countries: Denmark, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Finland, Sweden, Norway and Poland and Germany (through DIFRES).

BALANCE is going to use the ESRI portal toolkit. Metadata will follow the ESRI implementation of ISO 19115 metadata standard. Not all countries are in WP1! Data from other countries is expected to be delivered through other contributors or sources. It was emphasised that data need are partly defined in WP2, but formats are defined in WP1. The meeting agreed that is a is a national responsibility to deliver data.

The WP1 PowerPoint presentation can be found at the BALANCE web site ( )

Mr. Steen Silberg (DIFRES) presented examples on how GIS is used by DIFRES in relation to fisheries research and consultancy. The PowerPoint presentation can be found at the BALANCE web site ( )

WP5: Dissemination

Mr. Johnny Reker presented the planned activities of WP5.

The overall aim is to increase public awareness and transparency regarding the activities of the European Union (EC Regulation No 1159/2000, demand of INTERREG IIIB). The dissemination in BALANCE has to address: i) the general public, ii) the project’s stakeholders and beneficiaries, iii) among project partners & partner organisations, and iv) partners and stakeholders nationally & locally.

The participants are:

  • WP lead - The Danish Forest and Nature Agency.
  • All partners contribute to the dissemination of the BALANCE products through publishing papers, reports etc.
  • Project Management co-ordinate overall effort.

The planned results for WP5 include:

  • Set up .

  • Two Newsletters per milestone.
  • 6-8 papers in peer reviewed journals (research institutions).
  • 9+ articles in national newspapers and/or magazines available for the wider public (1+ article per participating country, all partners).
  • 8+ presentations of BALANCE at international & national conferences and meetings. Project Management, all partners.
  • BALANCE cruise report (front, data sheet, 2-3 pages of text, + annexes) – the Secretariat will provide a template if needed.
  • Press releases when relevant. Project management will deliver English template.
  • Set up of photo gallery of Baltic marine habitats & habitat maps. Project Management, all partners supply pictures.
  • A BALANCE poster.
  • All Newsletters, press releases, scientific papers, articles in magazines & presentations made available on the Web page.
  • Link to the BALANCE web page on each partner’s homepage.

The following logos have to be displayed when disseminating BALANCE: 1) The EU flag, 2) the BSR INTERREG logo, and 3) the BALANCE logo. All three can be found via the BALANCE wed site together with the WP5 PowerPoint presentation ( ).


Food for thoughts was presented by Jon Davies, coordinator of the MESH project. MESH is an acronym for “Development of a framework for Mapping European Seabed Habitats”.

MESH activities include:

  • Collate and harmonise existing habitat maps.
  • Develop standards and protocols.
  • Test protocols and standards.
  • Develop predictive mapping tools.
  • Case studies on uses for maps.
  • Communication and dissemination.

MESH will establish the ways and means to produce consistent marine habitat maps for NW Europe, and show how they might be used.

Within MESH, the terminology used have been discussed in order to avoid misunderstanding and incorrect use:

  • Marine landscape: A suite of habitat types which occur together, often in a specific pattern, to form a topographically distinct feature.
  • Habitat: A recognizable space which can be distinguished by its abiotic characteristics and associated biological assemblage, operating at particular spatial and temporal scales.
  • Classification: A structured system of habitat or landscape types, often in a hierarchy, in which the types are clearly.

The PowerPoint presentation can be found at the BALANCE web site ( ).


A summary of the WP4 seminar is included in Annex 3.

A summary of the WP3 seminar is included in Annex 4.

A summary of the WP1 seminar is included in Annex 5.

Summaries of WP2 and WP4 seminars have unfortunately not been received, nor have detailed information on activities per milestone. Annex 6 includes an overview of WP4 mapping requirements for development of zoning plans and management framework.


Due to technical problem, the planned presentation of the BALANCE web site was cancelled. The Meeting was informed that the official web site is expected to be launched within 1-2 weeks.


Mr. Jesper Andersen informed the meeting on matters in relation to reporting, auditing and payment procedures.

A Progress Reporting is required and submitted after every milestone and covers the periods: 01.01. – 30.06. and 01.07. – 31.12. JS provides each project a prefilled activity (AR) and financial report (FR) generated from its database. Deadlines for reports: 1st of August and 1st of February (LP to JS) – and we (BS) need time to compile contributions from partners etc. LP collects and submits the progress reports to the JS.

The Financial Report (FR) has to provide information about:

  • allocated costs per work package (FR I),
  • used financial sources and the confirmation by an independent auditor (FR II),
  • other costs, equipment and in kind contribution (FR IIIa),
  • small scale investments carried out in the reporting period (FR IIIb), and
  • division of eligible expenditures by PP and reporting period/MS.

To avoid irregularities, the reported expenditures:

  • have to be paid within the reporting period concerned,
  • have to be in accordance with the approved application,
  • have to be eligible (according to BSR INTERREG III B rules, EU rules and national rules),
  • have to be assigned to the correct BL and WP (according to BSR INTERREG III B rules),
  • have to be documented (in particular personnel costs: time sheets and overhead costs: calculation scheme), and
  • have to be audited by an independent external/internal auditor.

The general procedures in relation to payment are:

  • No advance payment will be made to the projects.
  • Payment requests must be based on reported expenditures and will be calculated automatically (Financial Report form).
  • Project costs will be reimbursed only.
  • Payment requests will be managed by the JS together with the 6-months Progress Reports.

The PowerPoint presentation can be found at the BALANCE web site ( )


The Meeting was briefly summarised. It was the view of the co-chairs that to goals for the kick-off meeting had been fulfilled:

  • All partners and participants have been presented.
  • All WP activities and products have been presented and discussed.
  • The structure and principles for coordination and management of BALANCE have been presented.
  • The INTERREG IIIB Maritime Safety Umbrella Operation (MSUO).

The BALANCE Secretariat informed the meeting that draft minutes would be produced within a week and circulated for comments. The WP leaders were kindly requested to submit summaries of the WP seminars within a week. The WP leads were also requested to outline a suite of annexes with information on WP budget (per budget line per partner per milestone).

The partners were reminded that all partners shall allocate 17% for project management (9.6%), travel and accommodation.


The BALANCE partners were encouraged to contact national INTERREG auditors and announce the forthcoming auditing in relation to the reporting.


The co-chairs thanked the participants for a very constructive and active dialogue. The co-chairs were of the opinion that BALANCE now has been launched successfully.

The meeting was closed.

Attachments: Annex 1: List of Participants

Annex 2: Agenda for the kick-off meeting

Annex 3: Summary of WP4 seminar

Annex 4: Summary of WP3 seminar

Annex 5: Summary of WP1 seminar

Annex 6: WP4 mapping requirements for development of zoning plans and management framework

Annex 1: List of participants


Zyad Al-Hamdani
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland

Jesper H. Andersen (Project Manager)
DHI Water & Environment

Maj-Brit Bunch
The Danish Forest and Nature Agency

Karsten Dahl
National Environmental Research Institute

Grete Dinesen
The Danish Forest and Nature Agency

Jørgen Hansen
National Environmental Research Institute

Stig Helmig
The Danish Forest and Nature Agency

Jørgen Jørgensen
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland

Jørgen Leth
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland

Johnny Reker (Project Coordinator)
The Danish Forest and Nature Agency

Anne-Marie Rolev
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research

Peter Sandbæk
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research

Steen Silberg
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research

Claus Sparrevohn
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research

Thomas Kirk Sørensen
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research

Ole Vestergaard
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research

Henrik Wichmann
The Danish Forest and Nature Agency


Christiana Feucht
WWF Germany

Jochen Lamp
WWF Germany


Juris Aigars
Institute of Aquatic Ecology, University of Latvia


Kristjan Herkül
Estonian Marine Institute, University of Tartu
( )


Darius Daunys
CORPI, Klaipeda University

Sergei Olenin
CORPI, Klaipeda Iniversity


Ulla Alanen
Geological Survey of Finland

Henne Biekrinen
The Finnish Environment Institute

Jan Ekebom

Aarno Kotilainen
Geological Survey of Finland

Anita Makinen
WWF Finland

Tanja Pirinen
WWF Finland

Madeleine Nyman
The Finnish Environment Institute

Anna-Leena Nöjd
The Finnish Environment Institute

Anu Reijonen
Geological Survey of Finland


Åsa Andersson
WWF Sweden

Ulf Bergström
National Board of Fisheries (NBF-DRD)

Anna Sarah Liman
WWF Sweden

Cecila Lindblad
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
( )

Greger Lindeberg
Geological Survey of Sweden

Annelie Mattisson
County Administrative Board of Stockholm

Alfred Sandström
National Board of Fisheries (NBF-DRD)

Göran Sundblad
National Board of Fisheries (NBF-DRD)

Per Nilsson
Göteborg Universitet (TMBL)

Sandra Wennberg
Kartverket, Miljöanalys


Ole Christensen
Geological Survey of Norway

Martin Isaeus
Norwegian Institute of Water Research


Jon Davies
JNCC, MESH Coordinator

Annex 2: Agenda for the kick-off meeting



  1. Opening of the Meeting
  2. Presentation of participants
  3. Information from the BALANCE Secretariat and others
  4. Presentation of WP 1-5 (WP leads)
  5. Food for thoughts …
  6. WP Seminars
  7. Presentation of the BALANCE web site
  8. Reporting and payment procedures
  9. Meeting summary and future meetings
  10. Any other business


31st of August 2005

10:30 – 10:40 Opening of the Meeting (Jesper Andersen, BALANCE Secretariat)

10:10 – 10:50 Presentation of participants (tour-de-table)

10:50 – 11:20 “Setting the Scene” (Johnny Reker, BALANCE Secretariat)

11:20 – 11:50 Information from the Project Manager (Jesper H. Andersen, BALANCE Secretariat)

11:50 – 12:10 Discussion (all)

12:10 – 13:00 Lunch

13:00 – 13:40 WP4: Participants, strategic focus, planned results and milestones (Jan Ekebom, Metsa)

13:40 – 14:10 WP3: Participants, strategic focus, planned results and milestones (Åsa Andersson, WWF S)

14:10 – 14:50 WP2: Participants, strategic focus, planned results and milestones (Jørgen Leth, GEUS)

14:50 – 15:20 WP1: Participants, strategic focus, planned results and milestones (Greger Lindeberg, SGU)

15:20 – 15:30 WP5: Participants, strategic focus, planned results and milestones (Johnny Reker, SNS)

15:30 – 16:00 Break (tea/coffee)

16:00 – 16:30 Discussion: WP coordination and communication (Johnny Reker, BALANCE Secretariat)

16:30 – 17:00 Maritime Safety Umbrella Operation (Johnny Reker, BALANCE Secretariat)

19:30 – … Dinner (Restaurant Philippe, Gråbrødre Torv 2, 1154 København K)

1st of September 2005

09:00 – 09:45 Food for thoughts (Jon Davies, MESH Project Manager, Joint Nature Conservation Committee)

09:45 – 12:00 WP seminars (1-4, Chaired by WP Leads)

12:00 – 13:00 Lunch

13:00 – 13:40 Summary of discussions at WP seminars (1-4, Chaired by WP Leads)

13:40 – 14:00 Presentation of the BALANCE web site (Johnny Reker, BALANCE Secretariat)

14:00 – 14:15 Break (tea/coffee)

14:15 – 14:45 Reporting and payment procedures (Jesper H. Andersen, BALANCE Secretariat)

14:45 – 15:15 Meeting Summary and future meetings

15:15 – 15:30 Closing of the Meeting

Annex 3: WP4 summary

Participants: Jan Ekebom, Cecilia Lindström, Anneli Mattisson, Christiane Feucht, Jesper Andersen, Ole Vestergard, Thomas Kirk Sörensen, Jochen Lamp, Johnny Reker, Henrik Wichmann

The session was based on the presentations in the whole group earlier and the preliminary description of WP activities prepared by Ole, Thomas and Jan. The main discussions concerned the activities in the WP 4, especially in the starting phase, the choice of activities in the pilot areas and the main objectives to be met in the WP.


In a tour de table the WP members presented their main activities in WP4:

SEPA: Cecilia will feed in material and background data from her agency. She will be in the WP only with little time capacity.

CABS: Annelie works in the Stockholm county and her main focus will be on shoreline exploitation in the Archipelago, applying GIS. From this experience she will be able to contribute with skills and data to do similar mappings for management purposes in the Area 3. She will co-operate on these issues with the new person from Metsahällitus.

WWF-D: Christiane will work with Jochen on stakeholder participation issues. The literature review will be a first activity. Best practice examples shall be screened. The set-up of a stakeholder database both in the pilote areas and for the whole BSR will be also started in the first milestone.

DIFRES: Ole and Thomas will focus work on activity 1 and facilitate that all relevant activities, experiences and outputs of WP1, WP2, WPWP2, 3 and WP4 will feed into the marine zoning framework. This includes guidance on marine habitat mapping, application of the ‘blue corridor’-concept and habitat representativity analyses in marine zoning. In this process, Ole and Thomas will liaise closely with WP1, 2 and 3 regarding specific information requirements, as well as formulating criteria for marine management. Ole and Thomas will also assist the WP4 Coordinator in developing the overall WP4 Management Guidelines for marine zoning.

In addition, Ole and Thomas is closely involved with EU FP6 PROTECT (‘MPA’s as a tool for ecosystem conservation and Fisheries Management’ coordinated by DIFRES, other PROTECT participants include Per Nilsson and Ulf Bergstrøm in BALANCE WP3).).They both works on the EU FP6 PROTECT (‘MPA’s as a tool for ecosystem conservation and Fisheries Management’, other PROTECT participants include Per Nilsson and Ulf Bergstrøm), which has a case study in the Baltic Sea with relevance for BALANCE pilot Area 2. Relevant PROTECT experiences, contacts and activities will be coordinated with BALANCE to maximise synergies, including stakeholder aspects. Also, PROTECT (jointly with the Mediterranean MPA project ‘EMPAFISH’) is organising a European MPA symposium 24-28 September 2007 in Murcia, Spain, which might offer opportunities for BALANCE synergies and dissemination.

METSÄHALLITUS: Jan will lead WP4 and take care of the duties concerning this. He will also contribute with some months in the activity 1 (and the reporting in WP5) along with Minna Boström. Both will supply guidance and strategy for the WP4 and JE will also supervise personally the work of N.N. in activity 2 (management efficiency indicators).

Michael Haldin will bring in Metsas field and stakeholder experiences into the WP.

N.N is a new person which will be employed form Oct. 1st. He will focus on GIS esp. in the pilot Area 3 from the Finnish side and be a counterpart for Anneli.

EMI: Georg Martin (or someone at EMI, e.g. Jonne Kotta) will feed in data and criteria from the Area 4.

UNIVERSITY OF LATVIA: Although not present at this WP4 session, will Juris Aigars (or someone at his institute) participate in WP4 work in a similar way to EMI. This was discussed right before the meeting ended on Thursday.

The table with work-months in BALANCE WP4 was checked (JE, JL, OV Comment: “However, the contribution (workmonths) in WP5 was overlooked. The work/expenses in WP5 will be dealt in detail shortly with Johnny Reker and Jesper Andersen”).

Jan, Ole and Jochen will also closely co-operate and take responsibilities for the proper development of the 3 activities and the exchange with the other WPs.

Jesper pointed out his concern that the need for socio-economic data is not sufficiently taken into account yet and that the WP should compile and use this type of data. A special attention should be given to economically related data since the cost of impacts/actions/decisions (price-Tags) will be very important. This is true and it was agreed that this aspect will be dealt with appropriately.

Jesper also pointed out that he feels that the Marine strategy, risk assessments as addressed in the Water Framework Directive and new methods for the implementation of the coming EU marine directive should play an important role for the WP4. Again, this was a good suggestion and we will take this into consideration (build it in) when planning the zoning framework and when developing tools and methods. It is very important that this is streamlined and well coordinated, since it affects all activities. Monitoring and success criteria should focus very much on tailoring tools and methods to fit the types of objectives used in e.g. EU WFD.


The discussion about size and exact focus in the pilot area 2 was started but needs some more discussion under the light of data availability and decision of final focus.

At the end of the session, Jan presented the excel sheet where the need for data, their use for the WP, sources and demands for the other WPs should be listed. This brainstorming could unfortunately just start and will have to be completed within the next two weeks. See Annex 6 Summary table of data required).

Annex 4: WP3 seminar

The WP3-seminar agreed to focus the discussion on preparing a detailed work plan for WP3 and to specify the contribution of each partner.

Blue corridors:

It was agreed that blue corridors need to be defined:

    • It was proposed to come up with a list of issues that should be covered by the literature review on blue corridors, e.g. habitat forming species, species that are limited by dispersal, and to focus the literature review on these identified issues.
    • It was proposed to include information on the functionality of the blue corridor concept – e.g. to find data and examples on the need for different habitats to be represented close to each other to support species (complexity of habitats).
  • The meeting decided to divide the work on the literature review and assign different issues of blue corridors to different partners.
  • It was decided that Per Nilsson will send a first list of such issues to all partners by the end of the week. Everyone will have the possibility to comment on the proposal during the following week (5-9th of September). Based on the comments Per and George will divide the work into different “subject areas” and make sure that all partners contribute and all relevant issues are covered.
  • It was emphasised that data about currents is needed for the work on connectivity.


  • The meeting discussed the criteria for selection of a representative network of MPAs (e.g. what should be represented?). It was agreed that:
    • it is important to consider the different bioregions.
    • biodiversity aspects should be included in the assessment on “pilot area level”, and whenever possible on “Baltic Sea level” (depending on available data).
    • the project should be in contact with the European Topic Center to get information about the existing Natura 2000 sites.
  • It was proposed that the report on representativity should include a comparison between MARXAN and other methods for selection of representative MPA networks. The comparison should also motivate our choice.

  • It was agreed that Åsa will send out a proposal on how to divide the work on representativity among the involved partners. The proposal will be sent out to everyone for comments and input as soon as possible after the meeting.

  • It was emphasised that it is important that all partners are actively involved in the work to identify the “critera for selecting a representative MPA-network”. This is a necessity in order to secure that the needs from all relevant end-users are met. It is also important that all partners contribute with data needed for the analysis.


  • The seminar discussed the need to start the work on coherence (e.g. the definition of coherence) earlier than proposed in the project application. According to the application it will start only in milestone 3 which makes it difficult to influence the data needed from WP1-2.
  • It was agreed that Åsa will ask Johnny if there are any possibilities to move money/time/activities to an earlier date. If not possible an informal e-mail exchange will be organised (by Anita Mäkinen) to secure input to WP1-2.

The meeting also discussed how to combine the reports from the three different parts into one final report.

Åsa provided information about the MARXAN workshop that will be organised in Stockholm on the 15-16th of September. Experts from the Nature Conservancy (TNC) will facilitate the workshop and the relevant BALANCE-partners will be invited to participate. It was decided that Åsa will send information on where the MARXAN-software can be downloaded to all involved partners. The focus of the workshop is to develop the methodology for selection of a representative MPA-network including criteria for site selection and to identify needed data.

Attached is a draft list of data needed from other WPs. This list needs to be further developed.

Data needed from WP1 & WP2

Entire Baltic

Pilot areas
















Ice coverage










Essential habitats (e.g. for fish)



Other characters



Marine landscapes



EUNIS habitats



Natura 2000 habitats



Data needed from WP4

Socioeconomic data



Annex 5: Minutes from WP1 seminar at BALANCE Kick-off meeting 2005-09-01

Chair: Greger Lindeberg

Göran Sundblad

Ulla Alanen

Jörgen Jörgensen

Madeleine Nyman

Anne-Marie Rolev

Decision on using ESRI standard formats for raster and vector data and the datum WGS84. There will be a continued discussion to decide on which projection to use. The alternatives are UTM and/or Lamberts equal area.

In October there will be a meeting at SGU where a prototype for the BALANCE internet portal will be presented and tested. Date will be set later.

Greger L will in collaboration with the Balance secretariat produce a common legal document regarding request for access to data sets to the portal from all partners.

Greger L will send an email on data hosting capabilities and what kind of GIS-software partners use.

Discussion on metadata; The ESRI standard mandatory fields will be used plus possibly some Balance specific fields. Inputs from the MESH project will be used in deciding possible extra fields.

In WP1 there will, for a start, be 3 workgroups – Biological, Oceanographic and Geological. Greger L will send a request to all partners to deliver names of participants in each workgroup. These workgroups should produce a template, using a draft from Greger L, for data requirement needs and the template will be sent out to the other WPs. Also draft guidelines for data harmonization should be produced in these workgroups. They should then be compiled by the end of milestone 1. Further draft guidelines for sampling will be done in these workgroups.

There was also a discussion on the Nordgis programme. More information is available from Grete Dinesen SNS and will be looked into by Greger L.

Also Neil Golding, JNCC, from the MESH project could have input on possible obstacles in the mapping, collating and modelling work we have in front of us.

There was a suggestion that the portal should contain a request form for additional data so that data not yet uploaded can be “searched”. This requires that all partners regularly visit the portal to see if they have any of the requested data.

We need to decide on data exchange – how will it be done?

We might need a template/guideline showing how to produce .mxd-files.

Regarding case study delineation, input is needed and should come from WP2.



Borders of existing/planned protected areas (Natura 2000 etc.)

Reserves with marine components, Natura 2000 sites, BSPA etc., including seal sanctuaries.

Not yet defined

Borders of military areas and

type of use

Closed areas, ammuntions dumps, etc.

Not yet defined

Borders of areas with other forms of restricted use

For instance safety zones surrounding windfarms, cables, etc.

Not yet defined

Ship-lanes and boat-lanes

Identifying areas with potential disturbance by traffic

Not yet defined

Harbours, marineas, piers and jetties

Identifying the positions for shoreline use

Not yet defined

Shoreline buildings, including detailed attribute data

Identifying the positions for shoreline use

Not yet defined

Categorised data on local enterprises (companies)

including attribute data (please contact WP4 for details)

Not yet defined

Demographic data (please contact WP4

for details)

By analysing georeferenced population abundance

& structure data can several pressure indicators be

defined, related to urban & settlement sprawl

Not yet defined

Abundance of leisure boats

Identifying areas with potential disturbance by traffic

Not yet defined

Communication network data

Identifying areas with potential locations for companies using IT

Not yet defined

Fishing grounds INCL. real trawl lines where possible.

Mapped for zoning purposes.

Not yet defined

Designated areas for standing fishing gear

Not yet defined

Designated areas for mariculture (fishfarms, mussel-cultivation)

Not yet defined

AIS / VMS data with area/temporal distribution

identify ship traffic and rarely frequented zonesIdentifying areas

with potential disturbance by traffic

Not yet defined

Sand & Gravel extraction

Not yet defined

Existing AND PLANNED Oil and gas pipelines

Not yet defined

Seabed uses and plans (cables, dredging, dumping, drilling/exploration licences)

Identify threats and status quo

Not yet defined

existing and proposed windfarm sites

zoning, use of data from EIAs

Not yet defined

Research activities

Data collection and further development of database

Not yet defined

Areas prone and/or sensitive to oil spills

Not yet defined

Existing management regulations

Not yet defined

Pollution sources (major industry, sewage etc.)

Not yet defined


These are but suggestions that have come up during several WP4 discussions to be used as supplemental or inspirational purposes. See among others also: Day & Roff 2000. Planning for representative mpas: a framework for Canadas oceans. WWF report. AND Roff, Taylor & Laughren 2003. Geophysical approaches to the classification, delineation and montoring of marine habitats and their communities. Aquatic Coserv.: Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst. 13: 77-90.

Data must indicate relevant information on original data sources/producer, year of production, data used for generating the data (where appropriate), etc.(to be defined)

Data requests must include all relevant attribute data that normally support the GIS data (to be defined)






Shoreline data (>1:25000 vector)

Basic data, includes islands and mainland - linking other data sources

Not yet defined

Bathymetric data (>1:25000 vector data)

Basic data - linking other data sources

Not yet defined

Topographic data (vector elevation curves or DEM)

Basic data, make it possible to identify habitats

Not yet defined

nautical charts (1:30.000)

Most traffic, rock structures and lots of info are included

Not yet defined


Bottom substrate (sediment type)

Regional and area specific maps of bottom substrate with categories developed by wp1 and 2.

Not yet defined

Substrate particle size (if hard bottom)

Perhaps only possible for pilot areas. However, this data is important for extrapolating benthic community info.

Not yet defined

types of landscapes/areas with similar

conservation/management characteristics

identifying and grouping specific managment approaches.

Not yet defined

Boulders (point data)


Not yet defined

Boulder shores (vector data)


Not yet defined

Sandy shores (vector data)


Not yet defined

Cliffs, etc. (vector data)

Cliffs as one of many habitat categories within maps. Other categories identified and developed as WP1 & 2 go along.

Not yet defined

Submerged or partly submerged rocks


Not yet defined

Temperature (incl. gradients, etc.)

Average temperatures at selected depths. Temperature is positively related to growth. In the pelagic realm temeperatures often dictate what occurs. In benthic or demersal realms temperatures often contribute to what occurs.

Not yet defined


If possible, but probably difficult. Upwellings important for production, mixing etc.

Not yet defined

P, N, heavy metals, Toxics concentrations

identification of frequent anoxic zones /zoning

Not yet defined

waves, currents, water inflows, tidal amplitudes

blue corridors, area planning of living ressources

Not yet defined

Stratification, mixing and nutrients

Important for biological communities, recruitment, larval dispersal, production etc..

Not yet defined

Light penetration and turbidity

Important for biological communities, recruitment, larval dispersal, production etc..

Not yet defined

Oxygen content (sediment & water column)

Very Important parameter for biological communities

Not yet defined

Salinity data

Averages of salinity at selected depths, Important factor in estuarine areas.

Not yet defined

Ice cover data

On a broad scale ice cover influences marine productivity.

Not yet defined


Potential fish "hotspots"

Not yet defined

erosion/sedimentation, land-upheaval-areas

forecast of coming processes for management/zonng

Not yet defined

Not yet defined


Not yet defined

Spatial use

The distribution of key organisms such as commercial fish species, including the ways in which they use different areas at different times in their life cycles.

Not yet defined

Life-history patterns

Difficult to capture in a data set!! Spatial use is better if we mean the spatial use of e.g. cod or other organisms.

Not yet defined

Recruitment mechanisms

Difficult to capture in a data set unless we ask for specific species data for species. Here, commercial fish species will be important and data exists for many.

Not yet defined

Faunal larval dispersal

Difficult to capture in a data set unless we ask for specific species data for species. Here, commercial fish species will be important and data exists for many. However, as pointed out by J Hansen (NERI), this is important also to identify sources and sinks for fauna (and flora).

Not yet defined


These parameters may be very difficult to define and provide in a form that will be useful to WP4.

Not yet defined


These parameters may be very difficult to define and provide in a form that will be useful to WP4.

Not yet defined

Migrant species

Important for fisheries management aspects in MPA establishment (e.g. cod) as well as marine mammals.

Not yet defined

Seasonal cycles

Not yet defined

Nutrients and food

Not yet defined

Spawning areas for fish (species specific, preferably)

Identification of areas of high importance for the biodiversity

Not yet defined

Nursery areas for fish (species specific, preferably)

Identification of areas of high importance for the biodiversity

Not yet defined

Marine habitat data (with defined classification system)

Identification of areas of high importance for the biodiversity

Not yet defined

Marine landscape data (with defined classification system)

Identification of areas of high importance for the biodiversity

Not yet defined

Biological communities

If certain specific biological communities are defined in groups for BALANCE purposes we may assume (?) that we will have these mapped.

Not yet defined

Marine sessile plant data (algae, vascular plants)

Identification of important species (keystone species)

Not yet defined

Marine sessile animal data /benthos

Identification of important species (keystone species)

Not yet defined

Genetically specific data on plants and animals (if exists)

Identification of "rare" populations

Not yet defined

non commercial fish like e.g. gobies,…

identify important areas in the food-chain

Not yet defined

areas with expanding alien species

identiyying disturbed areas - management demands

Not yet defined

harbour porpoise distribution / marine mammals

Identification of areas of high importance for the biodiversity

Not yet defined

wintering , migrating and breeding areas for selected birds

Identification of areas of high importance for the biodiversity

Not yet defined


Topographically distinct areas that may suffer of anoxia

Not yet defined

Topographically distinct areas with accumulated sediments

Not yet defined

Topographically distinct areas of erosion

Not yet defined

Areas of potential disturbance by ships and boats (analytical study performed jointly by WP1, WP2 and WP4)

Not yet defined

Wave exposure data (M. Isaeus data?)

Not yet defined

areas of high importance for specific species

Not yet defined

Project coordination
Kick off meeting Copenhagen 2005

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